Ayurveda, what is Ayurveda, history of Ayurveda, basics of Ayurveda, vata, pitta, kapha
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Ayurveda — an ancient science of healthy longevity, well-being in which the main factor is considered to be a unity of body, senses and movement, mind and soul (Charaka Sanh approx 1000g BC..).
Being one of the oldest medical systems Ayurveda has had a great influence on the development of the Arab and European medicine. Even in the ancient Indian medicinal plants sea and land trade routes carried in Parthia, the Mediterranean countries and Central Asia, the Caspian and Black Seas, South Siberia, China. The main export items were nard, musk, sandalwood, cinnamon, aloe and other plants and spices.
Ayurvedic treatise «Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita,» written in the IV. BC. formed the basis of the treatise of Tibetan medicine Jude Shea. In Tibet Ayurveda began to penetrate with the VII century. BC, when the personal physician of the ruler of Tibet Songtsen Gampo became Ayurvedic healers.
In the heyday of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad worked many doctors from India, some of which use the influence at the court of the Caliph. Mathematics, Medicine, including pharmacological and Ayurvedic texts were translated into Arabic in Baghdad at the end of the first millennium AD. Arabic Translation Ayurvedic treatise «Ashtankar» enjoyed a Persian philosopher and physician Ibn Sina in the writing of the famous «Canon of Medicine». In the future, the texts of Ibn Sina were studied by European alchemists whose works have had a significant influence on the formation of European medicine and chemistry.
By the middle of the XX century. traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine has gained popularity in the West, and by the end of XX century. in Russian. In the United States, Ayurveda study at the National Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine; in Israel — in college Ridman. Basic procedures of Ayurveda (diagnostics for breathing and pulse, therapeutic diets, cleansing enemas, baths and douches) have become part of medical practice in all countries.
Currently, Ayurveda is practiced about three hundred and fifty thousand registered doctors.
Ayurveda is a science of health and harmony
In Ayurveda, the inner world is closely linked to its physiology, mental state with the state of the physical. Ayurvedic laws on disease — is the lack of harmony of body and soul.
- Ayurveda, what is Ayurveda, history of Ayurveda, basics of Ayurveda, vata, pitta, kapha
From the perspective of Ayurveda, a person is made up of 5 elements-primary elements — air, water, earth, fire and space. The balance of all these elements is called «Prakriti». Status Prakriti — a state of perfect health.
The manifestation of the elements in a person can be compared with the division on the psycho — someone more like a phlegmatic person, and someone Snack and hot, like choleric, someone knows how sad sigh, like a melancholic, and some mobile and inquisitive as the sanguine. It is very difficult to find a person, which would not have been jumbled all psycho gradually, but some one is usually dominant.
Similarly in Ayurveda — ideally, people should live in harmony of all 5 elements, but any of them can be dominant from birth.
In Ayurveda, defined three main types (doshas) man and his constitution: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Dosha concept deeper than just the anatomical constitution of the human body or its character. It takes into account the rate of metabolism, physical and mental mobility, inclination and temperament of the person.
Vata — is the air. Pitt — is fire and water. Kapha — water, earth and space. In every man there is a wool and pitta, and kapha, just one thing is expressed more clearly. All of these are in balance with each other.
The world, with its stress, worries, etc. affects a person constantly changing its physical (Doshi) or psycho-emotional (Guna) state. In this case, the elements Elements-balance changes. Man is gradually emerging from the harmony and balance of their doshas — wool, Pitta and Kapha. This condition is called «vikriti».
The goal of rehabilitation techniques of Ayurveda — to harmonize vikriti Prakriti, returned a man in his individual state of harmony and balance.
Pathological disorders wool balance, Pitta and Kapha — this is the main reason for rejection in the Ayurvedic health.
The Ayurveda is different from other healing systems
Ayurveda is a health system is not based on the diagnosis and finding a separate deflection, and on detection of the disease at the stage of the trend towards health disorders, ie in its very infancy. From the viewpoint of Ayurvedic doctor may not be a lot of Pitta and Kapha not be, and wool to be alone, because they are all connected with each other. It may be an imbalance between these states, which will be the primary cause of deviations human health.
Normally, a person must not be obvious pathological distortions in a particular dosha. Ayurvedic doctor diagnoses the abnormal activation of any dosha and selects the therapy is not for her «treatment» and to harmonize and balance the human condition in general.
It is this principle Ayurvedic medicine is different from the European one. In the West, diagnose, tied to a violation of an individual’s health system, and in Ayurveda will consider the disease as part of a violation of the harmony in the body.
Thus, Ayurveda — is, first and foremost, the science of a comprehensive approach to human health, to the well-being of his physical and spiritual, to his way of life and worldview.
Anyone who begins to study and apply this knowledge can get a result depending on the effort and diligence. What results are obtained every person who began to apply the knowledge of Ayurveda in his experience, there is no doubt as system, not bringing the results his followers would not have lasted more than 5,000 years.