What is PTSD?
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One type of anxiety disorder is post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. It is heavy and debilitating mental impairment is due to deferring strong emotional trauma associated with a threat to health and even death.
In the development of stress disorder weighty important genetic predisposition and personal characteristics of a person. It is not known why some people who have suffered psychological and emotional trauma, PTSD develops, and others who are in exactly these conditions — no. But it is well known that each subsequent trauma experienced much heavier than the previous one. Apparently, this is due to a violation of the process of adaptation, as well as the depletion of the body.
Stress disorder can develop in people of any age and gender. The most common causes of post-traumatic stress are:
- violence in the family;
- natural disasters;
- stay in prison;
- sexual violence;
- terrorism and its threat.
Symptoms of PTSD
Anxiety interferes with daily life.
It arises from the obsessive, repeated memories of stressful experiences. Frightening situation reminiscent of the terrible events of the past. For example, the sudden sound of car brakes can cause panic among the victim of a traffic accident. Again experienced nightmares aggravate symptoms. In severe cases, may appear not only intrusive but also paranoid (delusional) ideas, requiring a complex and long-term treatment by a psychiatrist.
Avoid frightening situations
In an effort to find peace, people with post-traumatic stress disorder try to avoid all situations that are reminiscent of experienced events and situations that could be dangerous. While in alarm, fear, and obsessions, the person is forced to give up work and socialize with friends. Every day turns into a continuous struggle for their safety. Perhaps the emergence of suicidal intentions. Since being in such an intense and painful condition, it is difficult to sensibly evaluate their future.
The negative mood, thoughts, and feelings
Survivors PTSD often haunted by the feeling of guilt for what happened. Develop «survivor syndrome». Stressful events become the dominant value. The constant search for the perpetrators. The charges themselves and others. This is sometimes difficult to remember important details experienced threats.
Somatic symptoms of PTSD
Complaints of dizziness, fainting, palpitations, and headaches: are not uncommon at all anxiety disorders. The emergence of physical symptoms in the mental activity points to the difficulty of developing the disease. The body uses all its capabilities in order to send a signal of distress and convince its owner to seek medical help.
What do you need to be sure to tell the doctor?
The importance of compulsory referral to a specialist is extremely clear. Tell us how long you are concerned about these symptoms. Which event do you associate them? Be sure to agree to undergo medical and psychological examination, which allows determining the depth of mental disorders. Put notify their loved ones, try to find support and understanding. However, go to the doctor.
Treatment of PTSD
Use a combination of medication and psychotherapy a variety of methods. Generally, the medication is inevitable. Medications help remove anxiety, stress, sleep and adjust back to normal days. Work with a therapist to help consciously relate to the tragedy. An experienced expert to learn to manage your thoughts helps to learn relaxation techniques. The first results from the treatment, you can feel the end of the second week of treatment. Do not stop taking medication on their own, reduce the dosage. or to refuse visits to the therapist. Over time, memories will not be as daunting, and gained the confidence to speed up the healing process.
The prognosis for people suffering from PTSD
With adequate treatment, compliance with all recommendations of the doctor, as well as a healthy family atmosphere you can expect a full recovery and a return to the familiar life. Try to take care of his health, play sports, and eat properly.
Finally I would like to note the special harm from drinking under stress disorders. In an attempt to relieve the tension or get rid of unpleasant thoughts of the people is rapidly reaching alarming habits. The result is not only the deterioration, but quickly formed dependent on alcohol. Drinking alcohol in any mental disorder is extremely undesirable. Take care of yourself and stay healthy.