How to recognize and treat anemia
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Now many people are suffering from anemia. This may be due to poor nutrition, metabolic disorders, or blood, as well as a number of serious diseases. That’s why, if you have a low hemoglobin level, we should not shy away from this problem, and you need to treat it. How to recognize the anemia and how is it treated?
Anemia (anemia) — a condition that occurs due to a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood and reduce the number of red blood cells (RBCs).
Anemia can occur for various reasons, but most often it occurs because of improper nutrition. The main cause of anemia — a lack of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid.
Types of anemia
- Iron deficiency anemia
It can develop as a result of malnutrition or severe bleeding (eg internal bleeding).
- Hemolytic anemia
The causes of this type of anemia are hereditary factors, hypothermia and frequent stress.
- Pernicious anemia
It may develop due to poor assimilation of vitamin B12. This condition is usually typical for elderly people.
- Anemia pregnant
Very often in pregnant women diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia.
In total there are over 50 types of anemia that are different reasons that caused it.
Deterioration of blood parameters can also contribute to hormonal disruptions, digestive system diseases, as well as liver and kidney. It also happens that anemia is not an independent disease, and concomitant symptom of various diseases, including cancer and infectious diseases.
The dangerous anemia?
As is known, blood — one of the most important body fluids, so the disease does not run cost. When anemia occurs anoxia organs and tissues as a result can develop their dystrophy. This means that organs and tissues can not fully work. For example, if the hemoglobin is reduced by half (to 70 g / l), the heart begins dystrophy.
In addition, oxygen deficiency leads to the accumulation in the body of unoxidized metabolic products such as lactic acid. And it threatens to intoxication.
Anemia danger is also that, as mentioned above, it may be a sign of serious diseases such as cancer. Therefore, any symptoms of anemia should see a doctor and undergo the necessary tests to establish the true cause of the malaise.
Symptoms of anemia
The main symptoms of anemia — a constant feeling of fatigue, pale skin, weakness, excessive irritability, yawning, drowsiness. These symptoms can significantly reduce the capacity of man.
Often people who suffer from anemia, also complain of dizziness, headaches, and «fly» in front of his eyes.
In addition, people with low levels of hemoglobin may experience unexplained cravings to eat chalk, suffer from shortness of breath, not only during exercise, but also at rest. While anemia is often observed dry skin, brittle hair and nails.
In the fall of red blood cells in the blood to catastrophically low level of the people complain of pain in the heart, which resembles the state of myocardial. Common symptoms of anemia are also body aches, tinnitus, muscle weakness, and fainting.
If you are concerned about the above symptoms, you should consult a doctor, therapist and deliver a complete blood count. Next, the doctor with the additional examination can determine the type of anemia and prescribe proper treatment.
Treatment and prevention of anemia
- If the anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the body, the attending doctor will prescribe medications that contain iron, and determine the type of anemia, will take the appropriate steps to eliminate it.
- In the event that developed anemia due to a lack of vitamin B12 administered injections of this vitamin.
- anemia in children may result in contamination of helminths or parasites — in this case must first hold antiparasitic treatment.
- If a strong bleeding, doctors at the hospital can conduct a blood transfusion.
- Pregnant women to prevent and treat anemia specialists usually prescribe folic acid and iron supplements.
- It is necessary to adjust the power. Enrich the diet of foods rich in iron — it is red meat, liver, fruits, beans, whole grain bread, green vegetables. In various greens, salad and green vegetables also contain a lot of folic acid. Avoid beverages containing caffeine (tea, coffee, cola), since this substance interferes with the absorption of iron.
- Women with heavy menstrual periods should consult your doctor about taking iron supplements.