Acute stomach pain and diarrhea — what to do?
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It is believed that acute stomach pain and diarrhea is more often in the summer. However, according to statistics in Latvia most acute enteric viruses cause diarrhea, and the greatest virus activity is observed in the colder months of the year.
On acute diarrhea tells Ilze Kikuste, gastroenterologist medical center «ARS».
What is acute stomach pain and diarrhea?
Diarrhea represents a condition in which gastric emptying is accompanied by the release of large amounts of loose or watery stools, occurs more than three times a day. Often, it may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting or fever.
About diarrhea is said that if diarrhea lasts no more than 2 weeks. The most frequent pathogens are viruses and toxins, bacteria, parasites less. It is also possible non-infectious diarrhea, which may be caused by the use of medication or food intolerance et al. The time period from the start of infection until diarrhea is small — on average 3 days.
To limit the further spread of infection, it is important to observe the rules of hygiene (wash hands, etc.). It is to respect the rest, do not go to public places, do not go to work, school, kindergarten and others.
Power in the case of diarrhea. Avoid consumption of fresh dairy products, canned food, smoked meat and sausage products, fatty foods. Vegetables recommended drinking in moderation only boiled or stewed. It is recommended to eat porridge from cereals, rice, crackers, biscuits, dairy products, soups, boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes.
Treatment: acute stomach pain and diarrhea
If diarrhea is light, there is no fever and blood in the stool, the treatment can start at home. In the case of acute stomach pain and diarrhea, a person loses a lot of fluids and salts, resulting in dehydration can occur, which quickly begins in infants, young children and the elderly. Most important in the treatment of acute diarrhea is liquid enough (at least 2 liters per day). It is recommended to drink boiled water, non-carbonated mineral water, herbal tea: chamomile, mint. In more severe cases, you can use a special salt mixture — hydron.
However, in order not to delay the disease, it is also recommended to use drugs. One of the most effective in this case is the Smectic. As the clinical trials, this drug reduces the duration of illness and reduces the frequency and volume of stool. And quickly eliminates heartburn and bloating, since the drug has enveloping and adsorptive properties.
Baiba Smecta doctor-internist packer says that it is the drug that can be used the whole family, including small children. This medication may also be used since the birth of children, pregnant women and moms, breastfeeding because the drug is well tolerated. If you look at analogs which for decades used for diarrhea, we should mention the usual method grandmother — coal. Comparing these two agents, smectite medicament is a new generation of more complex action, compared with coal. Smectite characterized as strong overlying mucosa stomach tract properties, which improves the structure and function of the mucus, thus protecting Klek intestinal epithelial damage. Smectic — a medicament to be used in smaller doses than coal, namely one small packet Smecta (3 g Smecta) to the size of the absorbent surface 600 corresponds to the activated charcoal tablets. If signs of diarrhea to adults rather 1 sachet 3 times per day. At the beginning of acute diarrhea, the dose may be doubled. Smectite is used, dissolved in half a glass of water or adding a semi-liquid foods (such as yogurt).
Always remember that in the case of acute stomach pain and diarrhea may not have time to get to the pharmacy, so the season of viral activity in a timely manner is best to buy medicine to treat diarrhea and store them in a home medicine cabinet, hoping that they do not need.